2009 Hurricane Track Summary
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Learn about 2009 Hurricane Summary
The 2009 Atlantic hurricane season was a below-average year in which nine tropical storms formed, the fewest since the 1997 season. Although Tropical Depression One formed on May 28, the season officially began on June 1, 2009 and ended on November 30. The season's last storm, Hurricane Ida dissipated on November 10. The season had eleven tropical depressions, of which nine intensified into tropical storms, three became hurricanes, and two became major hurricanes. The inactivity throughout the basin was linked to the formation of an El Niño, which increased wind shear. The two most significant storms of the season, in terms of loss of life and damage, were Hurricanes Bill and Ida. Hurricane Bill was an unusually large storm and was also the season's strongest, attaining winds of 135 mph (215 km/h). Tropical Storm Claudette was the only storm during 2009 to make landfall in the United States.
Throughout the basin, six people were killed in tropical cyclone-related incidents and total losses reached roughly $77 million. Of the season's eleven cyclones, five made landfall during their existence. Hurricane Bill caused moderate coastal damage across the eastern United States before brushing Nova Scotia and making landfall in Newfoundland. Significant damage took place in Atlantic Canada as a result of Bill as well. The only storm to make landfall as a tropical cyclone in the United States, Tropical Storm Claudette, caused minor wind and water damage during its brief life in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. In combination with a stronger extratropical system, Tropical Storm Danny caused roughly $25 million in damage throughout Nova Scotia and Newfoundland. In early September, Tropical Storm Erika passed over the island of Guadeloupe, producing moderate rainfall but little damage. Hurricane Ida was the only storm of the season to make landfall at hurricane intensity, crossing the Nicaraguan coastline with winds of 80 mph (130 km/h).