The UltraViolet Report map shows areas high/low UV indices for the current day
. The UV index is an international standard measurement of how strong the ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun
is at a particular place on a particular day. It is a scale primarily used in daily forecasts
aimed at the general public.
Its purpose is to help people to effectively protect themselves from UV light, of which excessive exposure causes sunburns, eye damage such as cataracts, skin aging, and skin cancer (see more maps in the weather health
section). Public-health organizations recommend that people protect themselves (for example, by applying sunscreen to the skin and wearing a hat) when the UV index is 3 or higher.
Ultraviolet (UV) light is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength shorter than that of visible
light, but longer than soft X-rays. It is so named because the spectrum consists of electromagnetic waves with frequencies higher than those that humans identify as the color violet.
UV light is typically found as part of the radiation received by the Earth from the Sun
. Most humans are aware of the effects of UV through the painful condition of sunburn. The UV spectrum has many other effects, including both beneficial and damaging changes to human health.